London Underground Fast Facts
Forty thousand passengers ride the Underground on the first day. This route is now served by the Circle Line and the Hammersmith City Line.
1863 Metropolitan Line opens (purple line on the map).
1864 Hammersmith City Line opens (pink line on the map).
1868 District Line opens (green line on the map).
1869 East London Line opens (orange line on the map).
1884 Circle Line opens (yellow line on the map).
1890 Northern Line opens (black line on the map).
1898 Waterloo City Line opens (teal on the map).
1900 Central Line opens (red line on the map).
1906 Bakerloo Line opens (brown line on the map). Piccadilly Line opens (dark blue on the map).
1911 The first escalators are installed, at Earl’s Court station.
1913 First appearance of the circle and horizontal bar symbol.
1929 The last manually operated doors on tube trains are replaced by air operated doors ## ## .
1969 Victoria Line opens (light blue on the map).
1979 Jubilee Line opens (silver line on the map).
November 18, 1987 A fire at King’s Cross station is caused by a burning match falling onto a wooden tread escalator panel. Thirty one people die in the fire.
July 7, 2005 Four suicide bombers detonate themselves aboard three Tube trains and a bus during morning rush hour, killing 52 people and injuring around 700.
July 21, 2005 Four bombing incidents in London take place almost simultaneously, three on subway trains, one on a bus. Three small devices explode at three separate Underground subway stations, two weeks after the July 7 terror attacks. Small blasts occur at Warren Street, Oval and Shepherd’s Bush stations. Scotland Yard also responds to an “incident” on a bus at Hackney Road and Columbia Road in east London. There are no casualties.
2007 For the first time, the Tube carries one billion passengers in a year.
February 23, 2016 It is announced that Crossrail, a new rail line project, will be called the Elizabeth Line. The new line is scheduled to fully open in 2019.
April 15, 2016 Phil Sayer, known for the London Tube’s “mind the gap” and “stand clear of the doors” safety announcements, dies.
September 15, 2017 A rush hour blast caused by an improvised explosive device on a London Underground train at Parsons Green station injures at least 30 people in what police call a terrorist incident.